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Whisky or whiskey is an alcoholic beverage obtained by the distillation of fermented malt grains such as barley, wheat, rye and corn, and further maturation in wooden casks, traditional white oak. This drink is sold with an alcohol content between 40 and 62% by volume. The term is derived whiskey or whiskey Scottish Gaelic "uisge beatha" Irish Gaelic and "Uisce beathadh", which means "water of life", from the Latin aqua vitae aquavit.
The first written data collected from 1405 whiskey in Ireland, 2 where it was distilled by monks. It was also mentioned in Scotland in 1496. However, it was thought that whiskey existed for a few hundred years. When and where the first distilled unknown data and limited available literature, the origin of the drink is uncertain. Whiskeys:
Scotch Whisky are generally distilled twice and some three times. A whiskey distilled and matured exclusively in Scotland and is best known in the world. Must meet the standards of the Scotch Whisky Order 1990 (the United Kingdom), clarifying the eponymous 1988 record, and orders that the drink must be distilled at a Scottish distillery with water and malted barley, and with a degree of 94 , 8 ° alcohol by volume must be aged in oak barrels that previously bourbon contained with a maximum capacity of 700 liters, in Scotland at least three years, and no other added substances other than water or caramel to color or can be bottled at less than 40 percent alcohol by volume.
Irish Whiskey. The Irish call their whiskey, whiskey with an "e" (as the Americans). It is a whiskey made from barley, and is characterized by its triple distillation, 4 making it soft and delicate. Irish whiskey consumption occurs mostly in the country of production, exports only 25%, but in recent years these exports increased significantly.
Canadian whiskey is usually softer and lighter than other styles of whiskey. Another common feature is the use Canadian rye whiskey that is malt, which provides more flavor and tenderness. By law, 5 this whiskey produced in Canada, and is made from corn, rye, and is distilled in pot stills that greater control of the product as possible. It is aged in oak barrels, after it is diluted with water to reduce the alcohol content, at least three years, but usually be overcome with a vengeance. The terms "Canadian Whisky", "Canadian Rye Whisky" and "Rye Whisky" are legally indistinguishable in Canada and do not indicate a particular part of the rye and other grains used in production.
American Bourbon whiskey: A minimum of 51% corn and are distilled and aged in Kentucky for the name "Bourbon" on the label.
Bourbon can legally be made in any part of the territory of the United States.